Financing structural interventions: going beyond HIV-only value for money assessments

Michelle Remme, Anna Vassall, Brian Lutz, Jorge Luna and Charlotte Watts AIDS, 2014; AIDS 2014, 28:425–434 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000076 Financing structural interventions: going beyond HIV-only value for money assessments

STRIVE researchers compare three approaches for deciding whether to finance a structural intervention to keep adolescent girls in school in Malawi.

  • In the first, HIV and non-HIV budget holders participate in a cross-sectoral cost–benefit analysis and fund the intervention if the benefits outweigh the costs
  • In the second, silo approach, each budget holder considers the cost-effectiveness of the intervention in terms of their own objectives and funds the intervention on the basis of their sector-specific thresholds of what is cost-effective or not
  • In the third cofinancing approach, budget holders use cost effectiveness analysis to determine how much they would be willing to contribute towards the intervention, provided that other sectors are willing to pay for the remaining costs.

In addition, the paper explores approaches for determining the HIV share in the cofinancing scenarios.

The authors find that efficient structural interventions may be less likely to be prioritized, financed and taken to scale where sectors evaluate their options in isolation. A cofinancing approach minimizes welfare loss and could be incorporated in a sector budgeting perspective.

They conclude that cofinancing provides an opportunity for multiple HIV, health and development objectives to be achieved simultaneously, but will require effective crosssectoral coordination mechanisms for planning, implementation and financing.

In her editorial to this issue of AIDS, Eileen Stillwaggon refers to these findings. Unfortunately, neither the paper nor the editorial are open access.

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