Vulnerability and risk of violence: A study among urban adolescent boys in Mumbai, India


The perpetration of violence during adolescence is a complex phenomenon, with interrelated factors including inequitable gender norms and values in society, along with witnessing of violence against women.

This study was presented by ICRW-ARO at the international seminar on violence in adolescence and youth in developing countries organized in 2012 by IUSSP in New Delhi. It explores the causal relationship between gender inequity and violence as a predictor of boys’ behaviour towards peers and girls in slum and non-slum areas of Mumbai. It is evident from multilevel regression analysis that boys with problematic masculine gender norms and those who are exposed to violence are more likely to perpetrate violence against their peers as well as against girls. 

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