UNDP discussion paper: Cash Transfers and HIV Prevention


This paper offers a large-scale synthesis of the available evidence on cash transfers and HIV prevention, which spans three related areas:

  • How cash transfers have addressed structural drivers of HIV, such as economic and gender inequalities and low levels of education;
  • How cash transfers have increased uptake of critical prevention services, such as voluntary counselling and testing, with implied impacts on HIV; and
  • How cash transfers tied to proxies for risk of HIV infection have shown promising, though mixed, results.

It explores the key issues, concerns and limitations around cash transfers and HIV prevention, including programme design elements and human rights considerations. It also offers a number of strategies for moving forward in terms of policies and programmes as well as research. For example, the paper makes recommendations for sensitizing already existing large-scale cash transfer programmes to positive and negative impacts on HIV.

Chapter 4 discusses opportunities to embed cash transfers within countries national social protection strategies/development plans, and to position cash transfers in concept notes for the Global Funds new funding model.


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