Intimate partner violence and HIV infection among women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Ying Li, Caitlin M Marshall, Hilary C Rees, Anabelle Nunez, Echezona E Ezeanolue, John E Ehiri Journal of the International AIDS Society, 2014; JIAS, 2014, 17:18845 Intimate partner violence and HIV infection among women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

For HIV prevention, it is important to understand the relationship between IPV and HIV/AIDS among women, and to address gender-based violence.

Globally, one in four women experiences violence from an intimate partner in her lifetime. This estimate makes intimate partner violence (IPV) the most common form of violence against women. This paper assesses evidence of an association between IPV and HIV infection among the general population of women globally.

The researchers:

  • included studies of women aged 15 and above in any form of sexually intimate relationship with a male partner
  • reviewed high-quality follow-up studies conducted in different geographical regions of the world, and among individuals of diverse racial/cultural backgrounds and varying levels of HIV risks
  • compared the results from 28 studies, involving 331,468 individuals, in 16 countries
  • found a moderate statistically significant association between IPV and HIV infection
  • concluded that fear of IPV is a reason for non-disclosure of HIV positive status by women and a factor in women’s non-adherence to HIV treatment. 

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