Gender disparities in HIV treatment outcomes following release from jail

Jamie P. Meyer, Alexei Zelenev, Jeffrey A. Wickersham, Chyvette T. Williams, Paul A. Teixeira, Frederick L. Altice American Journal of Public Health, 2014; doi:10.2105/AJPH.2013.301553 Gender disparities in HIV treatment outcomes following release from jail

Women transitioning from jail experience greater co-morbidity and worse HIV treatment outcomes than men. The study assessed gender differences in longitudinal HIV treatments when transitioning back into the community. Of 867 evaluable participants, 277 were women.

Six months after release, women were significantly less likely than men to receive optimal HIV treatment outcomes, including:

  • retention in care (50%: 63%)
  • antiretroviral therapy (ART) prescription (39%: 58%)
  • ART adherence (28%: 44%)
  • viral suppression (18%: 30%)

Future interventions that transition people from jail to community based HIV clinical care should be gender specific.

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