Guidelines for reducing HIV stigma in India


Globally, stigma and discrimination impede HIV prevention, testing and treatment efforts. Yet research by ICRW and others shows that stigma and discrimination can be reduced in different contexts, such as the community and health facilities, thus contributing to the success of HIV programs and services.

India’s National AIDS Control Programme (NACO) recognises stigma as a key driver of HIV infection and a barrier to treatment. To inform the latest national plan, and working with UNDP, ICRW-ARO has:

  • adapted an existing global HIV stigma reduction framework for the Indian context
  • pilot tested the framework in five settings in India
  • synthesized lessons learned about the feasibility and relevance of the framework. 

The framework for India identifies key entry points for stigma-focused programming and measurement. The final tools have been designed and disseminated with support from STRIVE, to guide policymakers and practitioners in addressing HIV-related stigma and discrimination at the local and national levels.