What do we know about HIV stigma and rights-based prevention?- Anne Stangl

Stigma undermines effective HIV prevention and treatment: this is universally acknowledged. But what can be done to reduce stigma and its impact on HIV infection? To answer this question, Dr Anne Stangl presents two systematic reviews of the evidence on:

Keeping adolescent girls in secondary schools: Findings from the Samata baseline study

Launched in July 2012 by the Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT), the five-year Samata project aims to reduce vulnerability to HIV infection and improve the quality of life among adolescent Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) girls in Bijapur and Bagalkot districts. The project aims to do this by increasing rates of secondary school enrolment and completion.

Exploring Couples’ Processes of Change in the Context of SASA!, a Violence Against Women and HIV Prevention Intervention in Uganda

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There is now a growing body of research indicating that prevention interventions can reduce intimate partner violence (IPV); much less is known, however, about how couples exposed to these interventions experience the change process, particularly in low-income countries. Understanding the dynamic process that brings about the cessation of IPV is essential for understanding how interventions work (or don’t) to reduce IPV. 

High-level statement on SRHR

The promotion, protection and fulfilment of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) are currently experiencing marked resistance around the world, despite growing evidence of their importance.

Prevalence of intimate partner violence and abuse and associated factors among women enrolled into a cluster randomised trial in northwestern Tanzania

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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is recognised as an important public health and social problem, with far reaching consequences for women's physical and emotional health and social well-being. Furthermore, controlling behaviour by a partner has a similar impact on women's well-being, yet little is known about the prevalence of this type of behaviour and other related abuses in Tanzania and other sub-Saharan African countries.

Tanzania bans alcohol sachets

On 1 March 2017, the Tanzania government officially issued a ban on the import, manufacturing, sale and consumption of the (in) famous alcohol sachets. Known as viroba, alcohol sachets are small amounts (50ml or 100ml) of hard liquor packaged in plastic and sold for around $0.25. They have been widely available in the country. In defending the ban of sachets, the government cited environmental pollution and the need to protect youth from harmful alcohol use.

Media briefing on alcohol, youth and risk

Soul City Institute briefed journalists in Johannesburg on the findings and implications of their youth and alcohol study. The research is one part of STRIVE’s multi-country alcohol and youth study which seeks to understand alcohol marketing, related drinking patterns and sexual health risks, particularly from the perspective of young people.  

STOPAIDS Factsheet: Women’s Economic Empowerment

STOPAIDS launched their new factsheet – a good-practice guidance resource on women’s economic empowerment and HIV – on International Women’s Day 2017. The factsheet draws out connections between the disproportionate impact of HIV on women, gender inequality and economic empowerment.

 

Using case studies from STOPAIDS members, the factsheet highlights the importance of:

Policy brief: Alcohol marketing, youth and sexual health risks

Harmful alcohol use by South African youth is associated with multiple risks to sexual health. Soul City Institute, an affiliate of the STRIVE research consortium, conducted a community based study in a rural village in Mpumalanga and an urban township in Gauteng, South Africa to:

Operationalising structural interventions for HIV prevention: Lessons from Zambia

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Global guidance acknowledges the importance of structural interventions to tackle HIV, but evidence of their effectiveness lags behind that of other means of prevention. This paper discusses the challenges to implementation at the community and national levels using the experience of PEPFAR and USAID in Zambia. The authors propose several ways to speed up  implementation of structural interventions.

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