Intimate partner violence is as important as client violence in increasing street-based female sex workers’ vulnerability to HIV in India

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This article argues that harm reduction efforts with female sex workers need to account for their vulnerability to HIV not only from clients, but also from intimate partners.

More than just talk: the framing of transactional sex and its implications for vulnerability to HIV in Lesotho, Madagascar and South Africa

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This article looks at the role of everyday language used to describe transactional sex in different local contexts, linking discourse with the negotiation of gendered power and agency, and the implications for sexual health risk.

Universal Access for Women and Girls: Accelerating Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for Female Sex Workers and Wives of Migrant Men

Accelerating Access to HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support for Female Sex Workers and Wives of Migrant Men

In this research study with UNDP, ICRW-ARO use a gender lens to understand barriers to access. The two vulnerable populations - female sex workers and wives of migrant men - were studied in Pune, Maharashtra, and Ganjam, Orissa. 

What Works to Prevent Partner Violence? An Evidence Overview

Lori Heise reviews the empirical evidence of what works in low- and middle-income countries to prevent violence against women by their husbands and other male partners.

The review focuses on prevention programmes rather than responses or services, and on research-based evaluations rather than insights from practice. Individual chapters cover:

IMAGE - Intervention with Micro-finance for AIDS and Gender Equity

A programme in rural South Africa transforms gender norms at the same time as it addresses the practical needs of women and their families.

This documentary from the archive captures the spirit and impact of the Intervention with Micro-finance for Aids and Gender Equity (IMAGE) in Limpopo Province, South Africa.

STRIVE partners are adapting the IMAGE approach in Mwanza, Tanzania.

Adolescent Gender Norms - Nandita Bhatla

The International Center for Research on Women transforms gender norms through a school-based curriculum (GEMS), and trains cricket coaches to address gender-based violence with the boys they mentor (Parivartan).

Presented by Nandita Bhatla, Senior Gender and Development Specialist, ICRW, New Delhi, on 17 April 2012.

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Adolescent Research - Catherine MacPhail, Emilie Venables

In both urban and rural areas of South Africa: economic incentives for preventive health programmes, appropriate methodological tools and intervention design.

Presented by Dr Catherine MacPhail, Technical Team head on a randomised control trial of conditional cash transfers, and Dr Emilie Venables, Senior Researcher, both from the Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, South Africa.

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Reducing HIV Stigma - Anne Stangl

What works? Principals for programme design, resources and tools, and measurement issues.

Presented by Anne Stangl, Behavioral Scientist and Stigma Specialist, International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, 22 November 2011.

Stigma and HIV Overview - Anne Stangl

An overview of this key structural barrier to an effective HIV response, giving definitions, tools and experiences from interventions.

Presented by Anne Stangl, Behavioral Scientist and Stigma Specialist, International Center for Research on Women, Washington, DC, 12 October 2011.

Men's emotions and HIV prevention - Benjamin Davis

Can better understandings of men's experiences of emotion improve HIV prevention interventions? A study in India trains a gender lens on men's vulnerabilities and behaviours.

Presented by Dr Benjamin Davis, from his PhD studies at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 12 October 2011.

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