Stigma as a barrier to the elimination of new infant infections: Model projections from an urban PMTCT programme in South Africa

How can we quantify the impact of stigma and discrimination on mother-to-child (MTCT) transmission of HIV?

This poster presentation by Holly Prudden looks at the stigma- and non stigma-related barriers that affect women’s access to preventive care (PMTCT).

Model projections show that if stigma could be reduced to “minimal" levels, a considerable percentage of mother-to-child transmissions may be averted.

The argument for HIV programming for at-risk populations in Africa

The Bridge Project is a new Africa-India-Asia learning network. Their session at the 2012 AIDS Conference translated lessons from the Indian experience of scaling-up HIV interventions for key populations into the African context.

Using mathematical modelling to improve our understanding of the HIV prevalence among the “hidden” MSM population.

Study to develop modelling approaches for HIV/STI transmission, taking into account three sexual identity subgroups of men who have sex with men (MSM). The research is based on survey data from southern India.

The poster presentation by Holly Prudden demonstrates that the “hidden” MSM population, although at lower risk of HIV infection, has the potential to act as a key bridging population in the context of the wider HIV epidemic.

US President commits to preventing gender-based violence globally

An estimated one in three women worldwide has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Noting that violence against women and girls cuts across ethnicity, race, class, religion, education level and international borders, the White House announced an Executive Order signed by President Obama on 10 August.

Value for money of structural interventions: going beyond HIV-only cost-effectiveness analysis

How might co-financing make structural interventions more attractive for the HIV sector? This presentation by Michelle Remme explores methods and decision rules for allocating resources to structural interventions.

Community mobilisation and empowerment of female sex workers is significantly associated with reduced HIV/STI risk in Karnataka state, south India

What is the impact of community mobilisation as a central component of targeted HIV prevention programmes in India?

Research implemented by KHPT and presented in a poster by Tara Beattie, demonstrates how community mobilisation activities built the capacity of female sex workers to manage their vulnerability to HIV. Results showed:

Moving beyond single-issue priority setting: associations between gender inequality & HIV infection, early pregnancy and higher fertility in Malawi

‘Downstream’ interventions are often prioritised over ‘upstream’ structural change, but analysis of population data from Malawi challenges this emphasis.

The findings presented in this poster by Heidi Stöckl show the many overlaps between HIV and maternal and child health.

HIV-positive women are significantly more likely to report three indicators of gender inequality:

Do MSM in southern India change their identity or sexual role behaviour over time? Implications for the HIV epidemic

Study exploring the different identities of men who have sex with men (MSM) and their statistical significance with respect to HIV.

The poster presentation by Holly Prudden looks at four broad categories of sexual identity and key demographic, behavioural and epidemiological characteristics.

Understanding Risk for HIV/STI Transmission and Acquisition within Non-Paying Partnerships of Female Sex Workers in Southern India

Known informally as the Lovers Study, this pilot investigates HIV risk within the complex relationships between female sex workers (FSW) and their non-paying partners (NPP). Interventions have been found to increase condom use between FSW and their paying clients, but much less is known about the risk of HIV acquisition or transmission in sex workers' intimate partnerships.

Effective Approaches to Addressing the Intersection of Violence against Women and HIV/AIDS

, ; Effective Approaches to Addressing the Intersection of Violence against Women: Findings from Programmes

A great deal of evidence confirms that violence against women and HIV/AIDS are inextricably intertwined and mutually reinforcing. For years, decision-makers have advocated for addressing violence against women in a multi-sectoral way, yet little progress has actually been made in addressing violence and HIV together.

This report gathers experiences from a number of programmes, ranging from multimedia campaigns to peer education, from capacity-building for service providers to policy advocacy, and from cross-sectoral fora to action research. Among key points: