Adolescent enrolment in HIV prevention trials

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How can we overcome the challenges of doing research with adolescents?

Funders and researchers assume that it is difficult to enrol and retain adolescents in HIV studies. However, this short piece in The Lancet cites studies that successfully enrolled participants under 25 years into biomedical and behavioural trials in various settings and with different populations.

The Centre for Social Protection: Transforming research and policy

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This report includes information on a Transformative Social Protection framework. Introducing an emphasis on social justice and equity, the framework focuses on the root causes of poverty and vulnerability.

In this report, the Centre defines social protection as including all initiatives, both formal and informal, that provide:

HIV and the Law: Risks, rights and health

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A summary of HIV-related legal environments from 140 countries, this report gathers evidence from activists, organisations and people living with HIV. It offers recommendations for governments and international bodies on the development of science-based, pragmatic and humane legal practices. It also offers advocacy tools for people living with HIV, communities affected by HIV and civil society.

Issues and key populations include:

Coming to terms with complexity: a call to action for HIV prevention

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This discussion aims to de-mystify HIV prevention at the same time as accounting for its complexity. The article argues for a combination of solutions to intensify HIV prevention and overcome political, sociocultural and logistic barriers. 

The premise here is that action and funding have not necessarily been directed to where the HIV epidemic is or to what drives it. The authors emphasise the structural determinants of HIV as well as the need to stimulate demand for HIV prevention.

Cash Transfers

Can cash transfers work as HIV prevention?

Designed to supplement and stabilise household income, cash transfers are regular payments made directly to individuals. Once seen as an option for wealthy countries only, they are an increasingly common form of social protection in low- and middle-income countries too.

A Programming Framework for Working with Adolescent Girls in Tanzania

This guide to building girls‘ agency addresses three issues: HIV/AIDS, unwanted pregnancy and violence. At the same time, the recommendations are based on the recognition that girls’ vulnerability to such issues is produced in a myriad of inter-linked ways on a regular basis.

The framework, written by Maggie Bangser and commissioned by UNICEF Tanzania at the request of the Tanzania Commission on HIV/AIDS (TACAIDS), advocates building the capacity of young women across four overarching elements of girls' programming:

Stigma as a barrier to the elimination of new infant infections: Model projections from an urban PMTCT programme in South Africa

How can we quantify the impact of stigma and discrimination on mother-to-child (MTCT) transmission of HIV?

This poster presentation by Holly Prudden looks at the stigma- and non stigma-related barriers that affect women’s access to preventive care (PMTCT).

Model projections show that if stigma could be reduced to “minimal" levels, a considerable percentage of mother-to-child transmissions may be averted.

The argument for HIV programming for at-risk populations in Africa

The Bridge Project is a new Africa-India-Asia learning network. Their session at the 2012 AIDS Conference translated lessons from the Indian experience of scaling-up HIV interventions for key populations into the African context.

Using mathematical modelling to improve our understanding of the HIV prevalence among the “hidden” MSM population.

Study to develop modelling approaches for HIV/STI transmission, taking into account three sexual identity subgroups of men who have sex with men (MSM). The research is based on survey data from southern India.

The poster presentation by Holly Prudden demonstrates that the “hidden” MSM population, although at lower risk of HIV infection, has the potential to act as a key bridging population in the context of the wider HIV epidemic.

US President commits to preventing gender-based violence globally

An estimated one in three women worldwide has been beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused in her lifetime. Noting that violence against women and girls cuts across ethnicity, race, class, religion, education level and international borders, the White House announced an Executive Order signed by President Obama on 10 August.

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