Individual and community-level risk factors for HIV stigma in 21 Zambian and South African communities: analysis of data from the HPTN071 (PopART) study

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HIV stigma is present whenever HIV infection is linked to negative stereotypes that mark a person living with HIV as different from the rest of the population; a separation of ‘them’ from ‘us.’ This separation then leads to status loss, which can result in negative outcomes for people living with HIV (PLHIV). Stigma experienced by PLHIV can include being gossiped about, insulted or physically assaulted in communities and healthcare settings.

Intervening in masculinity: work, relationships and violence among the intimate partners of female sex workers in South India

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Although health researchers have begun to examine the forms of violence and power dynamics that play out in the intimate relationships of female sex workers (FSWs) in India, this knowledge has tended to focus on the perspectives of women, leaving men’s motivations and attitudes relatively unexamined.

Results from the Samata Trial: An intervention to reduce child marriage and increase secondary school completion among adolescent girls in south India - Ravi Prakash and Tara Beattie

This Learning Lab presents findings from the Samata cluster randomised-control Trial, in rural south India. The study tested whether the Samata programme – a comprehensive behavioural intervention – could reduce secondary school drop-out and child marriage among marginalised adolescent girls.

The cost-effectiveness of multi-purpose HIV and pregnancy prevention technologies in South Africa

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A number of antiretroviral HIV prevention products are efficacious in preventing HIV infection. However, the sexual and reproductive health needs of many women extend beyond HIV prevention, and research is ongoing to develop multi-purpose prevention technologies (MPTs) that offer dual HIV and pregnancy protection. We do not yet know if these products will be an efficient use of constrained health resources. 

Understanding the Relationship Between Female Sex Workers and Their Intimate Partners: Lessons and Initial Findings From Participatory Research in North Karnataka, South India

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While traditional HIV prevention programs with female sex workers (FSWs) in Karnataka, India, have focused on reducing HIV transmission between FSWs and clients through increased condom use, these programs have not fully addressed the transmission risk between FSWs and their non-paying intimate partners (IPs). Condom use is infrequent and violence is recurrent in these relationships and there is little evidence on the precise nature of FSW–IP relationships.

STRIVE participate in expert meeting on HIV prevention methods relevant to African adolescent girls and young women

The meeting sought to evolve the research agenda related to the promotion, adoption and use of health products and technologies among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa. Hosted by the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) on 12 March 2018, it brought together funders, programme implementers, researchers and representatives from a South African market research agency.

MRC grant awarded to project investigating Ugandan women’s increased vulnerability to HIV as a result of genital inflammation

The three-year study, led by Tara Beattie at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, will explore the physical causes of genital inflammation and investigate which behaviours put women at risk. Genital inflammation strongly increases the risk of HIV infection, as HIV infects activated immune cells. This project will investigate if structural factors (violence and alcohol use) increase risk of genital inflammation through a mental health/immunological pathway.  

Women and girls and HIV

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On International Women's Day 2018, UNAIDS published a report detailing data and analysis of the ways in which women continue to bear the brunt of the HIV epidemic.

The opening statement, written by Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of UNAIDS, recognises the contribution of activists and organizations working for gender equality and women's empowerment across the world and makes a call to action to work collectively:

Using social norms theory for health promotion in low-income countries

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Social norms can greatly influence people’s health-related choices and behaviours. In the last few years, scholars and practitioners working in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have increasingly been trying to harness the influence of social norms to improve people’s health globally.

STRIVE for the SDGs - Lori Heise and Katherine Fritz

How can STRIVE’s conceptual approach to understanding and intervening on structural drivers of HIV be used to formulate strategies for achieving the SDGs? 

This Learning Lab: