Stories of change: Study first, marry later

Stories of Change share the powerful and personal stories of how STRIVE has had an impact on individuals, families and communities through our interventions and research. 

Impact case study: MAISHA - set to reduce violence against women in Tanzania

The MAISHA study has raised interest among communities in Mwanza, where the study was conducted, and more widely across Tanzania. Over the course of the study process, the MAISHA team from the Mwanza Intervention Trials Unit (MITU) and the National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) have achieved three key aspects of impact:

IDS blog: The need for a fresh approach to the HIV crisis


STRIVE final dissemination meetings


What did we learn after eight years of research and synthesis? What did the evidence from varied programme approaches show us? And what are the implications for future programmes, policy, funding and research? 

In the coming weeks STRIVE will hold dissemination meetings in New Delhi, India, and in Washington DC, USA.

Introducing the Health Stigma and Discrimination framework

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Stigma is a well-documented barrier to health seeking behaviour, engagement in care, and adherence to treatment across a range of health conditions globally. In order to halt the stigmatisation process and mitigate the harmful consequences of health-related stigma, it is critical to have a theoretical framework to guide intervention development, measurement, research and policy.

Child Marriages and Unions in Latin America: Understanding the Roles of Agency and Social Norms

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Child marriages and unions can infringe upon adolescent and youth sexual and reproductive health. Interventions increasingly promote strategies to transform social norms or foster the agency of adolescent girls. Recent empirical studies call for further understanding of how social norms and agency interact in ways that influence these practices, especially in contexts where girls' agency is central.

Social norms and child marriage in Cameroon: An application of the theory of normative spectrum

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This paper reports on a qualitative study on social norms and child marriage in rural Cameroon, a country with high prevalence of child marriage but largely ignored in the literature. Study participants were men and women from four different ethnic groups living in four rural villages (two in the Far-North, two in the East).

Researchers conducted 16 semi-structured focus groups to understand how existing social norms contributed to child marriage in participants’ communities.

Technical brief: HIV risk and violence against women and girls

HIV and violence constitute twin and often interconnected epidemics. Growing evidence shows that many forms of intimate partner violence – physical, sexual and psychological – increase susceptibility to HIV and disease progression in women and girls.

Widening cracks in patriarchy: mothers and daughters navigating gender norms in a Mumbai slum

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Inequitable gender norms can be harmful to girls’ and boys’ health and sexuality. Programmatic approaches that help renegotiate gendered power relationships are sorely needed.

This qualitative study reveals how Parivartan, a sport-based intervention in a Mumbai informal settlement, helped families resist inequitable gender norms that limited girls’ mobility in public spaces. Fifteen girl athletes were interviewed in two rounds of face-to-face in-depth interviews.

Age-disparate sex and HIV risk in Tanzania and Uganda


Age-disparate sex – when adolescent girls or young women (AGYW) have sex with men ten years or older than they are – is associated with increased risk of HIV for these young women. However, little is known about the dynamics of such relationships from the perspectives of those who engage in it or about the communities in which these relationships are embedded.