Measurement brief: Measuring intimate partner violence

Gender-based violence – including physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence and abuse – is widespread globally. The most pervasive form of gender-based violence is intimate partner violence (IPV), also known as domestic violence or partner/spouse abuse. On average, 30% of women worldwide will experience at least one episode of sexual and/or physical IPV within her lifetime; the incidence and prevalence of violence in relationships, however, varies greatly both between countries and regions, and between neighbourhoods and villages.

Storify: UK HIV network discuss gender-based violence

The London event brought together experts to share knowledge and collaborate to tackle the issue of GBV.

The London event brought together experts to share knowledge and collaborate to tackle the issue of GBV.

Transactional sex and HIV risk among young women in rural South Africa - Meghna Ranganathan

Young women aged 15-24 in sub-Saharan Africa are 3-4 times more likely to be HIV-infected than boys or men of the same age. Transactional sex - sex exchanged for material possessions or favours - is a significant source of HIV risk in young women.

This Learning Lab describes analysis, key findings and implications from the HPTN 068 Swa Koteka Conditional Cash Transfer trial. 

How can sex workers negotiate condom use with their romantic partners?

, ; How can sex workers negotiate condom use with their romantic partners?

A guardian article, written by Priya Pillai, shares photographs and quotes from female sex workers engaged in an intervention and evaluation study in northern Karnataka, India. Samvedana Plus seeks to understand and address violence in the intimate relationships of female sex workers and their increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS.

STOPAIDS factsheet: Women, HIV and Reproductive Choices

HIV is closely interlinked with reproductive choices. For example, HIV can be transmitted through condomless sex, pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. In addition, there is now emerging evidence that using progesterone only injectable contraceptives, like Depo-Provera, may lead to an increased risk of acquiring HIV. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can also increase the likelihood of HIV transmission.

‘Leaving no one behind’: reflections on the design of community-based HIV prevention for migrants in Johannesburg’s inner-city hostels and informal settlements

, ; ‘Leaving no one behind’: reflections on the design of community-based HIV prevention for migrants in Johannesburg’s inner-city

Unmanaged urban growth in southern and eastern Africa has led to a growth of informal housing in cities, which are home to poor, marginalised populations, and associated with the highest HIV prevalence in urban areas. This article describes and reflects on the authors’ experiences in designing and implementing an HIV intervention originally intended for migrant men living in single-sex hostels of inner-city Johannesburg. It shows how formative research findings were incorporated into project design, substantially shifting the scope of the original project.

Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour among men and women in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa

, ; Alcohol use and sexual risk behaviour among men and women in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa

Alcohol misuse is a key factor underlying the vulnerability to HIV infection among men and women in sub-Saharan Africa, especially within urban settings. Its effects, however, vary by type of drinking, population group and are modified by socio-cultural co-factors.

From fear to resilience: adolescents’ experiences of violence in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa

, ; From fear to resilience: adolescents’ experiences of violence in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa

For adolescents growing up in poor urban South African settings, violence is often a part of daily life and has lasting effects on physical and mental health outcomes in adulthood.

This paper presents findings from a qualitative study to document and understand the forms of interpersonal violence experienced by adolescents living in Hillbrow, Johannesburg. It explores:

Intersections between polyvictimisation and mental health among adolescents in five urban disadvantaged settings: the role of gender

, ; Intersections between polyvictimisation and mental health among adolescents in five urban disadvantaged settings

Polyvictimisation (PV) – exposure to violence across multiple contexts – causes considerable morbidity and mortality among adolescents. Despite high levels of violence in urban disadvantaged settings, gender differences in associations between PV and mental health have not been well established.

At the Heart of the Problem: Health in Johannesburg’s Inner-City

, ; At the Heart of the Problem: Health in Johannesburg’s Inner-City

A Supplement to BMC Public Health brings together articles on the health status and needs of people living in the inner-city of Johannesburg, South Africa.  In particular it focuses on the impact of the HIV epidemic and on identifying ways to improve healthcare service delivery.

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