The effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence in young women in rural South Africa (HPTN 068): a phase 3, randomised controlled trial

Audrey Pettifor, Catherine MacPhail, James P Hughes, Amanda Selin, Jing Wang, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Susan H Eshleman, Ryan G Wagner, Wonderful Mabuza, Nomhle Khoza, Chirayath Suchindran, Immitrude Mokoena, Rhian Twine, Philip Andrew, Ellen Townley, Oliver Laeyendecker, Yaw Agyei, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn The Lancet Global Health, 2016; HPTN 068: a phase 3, randomised controlled trial

Cash transfers have been proposed as an intervention to reduce HIV-infection risk for young women in sub-Saharan Africa. However, scarce evidence is available about their effect on reducing HIV acquisition. This research aimed to assess the effect of a conditional cash transfer on HIV incidence among young women in rural South Africa.

The findings show that:

  • Cash transfers conditional on school attendance did not reduce HIV incidence in young women.
  • School attendance significantly reduced risk of HIV acquisition, irrespective of study group.
  • Keeping girls in school is important to reduce their HIV-infection risk.

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Learning Lab: HIV prevention for young South African women: Lessons from Swa-Koteka - Audrey Pettifor

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