Transactional sex and HIV risk among young women in rural South Africa

22 June 2017
Sephy Valuks

Join us for a free webinar on 20 July, 1pm BST.

Young women aged 15-24 in sub-Saharan Africa are 3-4 times more likely to be HIV-infected than boys or men of the same age. Transactional sex - sex exchanged for material possessions or favours - is a significant source of HIV risk in young women.

This Learning Lab describes analysis, key findings and implications from the HPTN 068 Swa Koteka Conditional Cash Transfer trial. 

Despite the potential for transactional sex to increase HIV risk among young women, there is limited epidemiological data demonstrating an association. An analysis of baseline data from the HPTN 068 Swa Koteka Conditional Cash Transfer trial in rural north east South Africa showed that transactional sex was associated with an almost three-fold increased risk of being HIV positive in young women, after controlling for other risk factors. Surprisingly however, the association between transactional sex and HIV was not mediated by any of the sexual risk behaviours that might help to explain the underlying pathways of HIV risk:

  • sexual relations between a younger woman and an older man
  • sex under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  • having multiple sexual partners

Dr Meghna Ranganathan is a post-doctoral Research Fellow at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine . She earned a PhD at the LSHTM with a thesis examining the relationship between household poverty, transactional sex and HIV infection in adolescent girls in rural South Africa. She has a keen interest in inter-disciplinary research at the intersection of poverty, gender and health and currently works on the evaluation of an economic empowerment intervention in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Resources

Transactional sex among young women in rural South Africa: prevalence, mediators and association with HIV infection

Revisiting the understanding of “transactional sex” in sub-Saharan Africa: A review and synthesis of the literature

Transactional sex and risk for HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Transational sex: What it is and why it matters

Time

8:00am Washington DC

1:00pm London

2:00pm Geneva

2:00pm Johannesburg/Kigali

3:00pm Kampala/Mwanza

5:30pm New Delhi/Bangalore

Instructions

To join the webinar, you must call in AND join online to hear audio and view the slides.

1. Register online now. You will then receive an email giving you the access code and toll-free numbers to dial.

2. Log in to Ready Talk as a participant online, shortly before the presentation begins, so you can see the slides. Use access code 9272774.

3. Dial in to Ready Talk on your telephone, shortly before the presentation begins, so you can hear the presenter speaking. Use access code 9272774.

If your country does not have a toll-free number, you can dial in for free through Skype using the US number 866-740-1260.

Please send enquiries to Sephy [dot] Valuks [at] LSHTM [dot] ac [dot] uk by Monday 17 July 2017.