Roadmap to AIDS 2012: Presentations on Structural Factors

09 July 2012
Alexandra Hyde and Annie Holmes

To help you get the most out of the International AIDS Conference, Washington DC, 22 to 27 July 2012, STRIVE has identified sessions related to the social barriers to HIV prevention and the structural interventions designed to overcome them.

 

Key event: STRIVE Launch 24 July

Sunday 22

Monday 23

Tuesday 24

Wednesday 25

Key event: AIDSTAR-One USAID panel with STRIVE 26 July

Thursday 26

Friday 27

 

STRIVE Launch

LUXURY OR NECESSITY? Structural factors in a biomedical era

Reception and panel discussion

Tuesday 24 July 2012

6:30 to 8 pm

Renaissance Washington, DC Downtown Hotel, 999 Ninth Street NW

Condoms and PMTCT are perfect examples of highly efficacious interventions whose impact is routinely undermined due to stigma, gender power imbalances and other structural drivers.

  • What stops people from using prevention methods that work?
  • What is the evidence that structural factors matter?
  • Can we afford to address these upstream factors as HIV budgets shrink?
  • Can we afford not to?

Join us to discuss these questions with a panel of international thought leaders chaired by Professor Helen Rees, OBE, Executive Director of the Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, South Africa, at a reception, co-hosted by the International Center for Research on Women, to launch the STRIVE research consortium.

Directions: across the road/ square from the Convention Center, venue of the International AIDS Conference

Close to four metro stops: Mt. Vernon Sq, Gallery Place Chinatown, Metro Center, McPherson Square

Map: http://www.marriott.com/hotels/maps/travel/wasrb-renaissance-washington-dc-downtown-hotel/?ts=y&ttr=2.18bD

 

Sunday 22 July          

A Call to Action: Global Sex Workers Recommend Policy Change for Better HIV Prevention and Treatment

SUSA01

Venue: Session Room 3

Time: 22.07.2012, 09:00 - 11:00

Organiser: Sex Workers Project at the Urban Justice Center

In 2011, sex workers participated in a global review of HIV policy through the UN sponsored Global Commission on HIV and the Law. This Symposium will include panelists from the international sex workers rights movement, presenting policy reform recommendations to improve HIV prevention and treatment for sex workers.

Populations - FSW


Rethinking the Role of Social Sciences in the Context of HIV/AIDS

SUSA04

Venue: Session Room 6

Time: 22.07.2012, 09:00 - 11:00

Organiser: Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa

This session brings together social and biomedical scientists in order to identify theories of behavior change which may be applicable to HIV prevention and facilitate innovative approaches that target vulnerable communities in different epidemiological settings.

Methods


Gender and HIV - What’ve Men Got to Do with it? The Changing Field of Men and Masculinities in Prevention and Care

SUSA19

Venue: Session Room 3

Time: 22.07.2012, 11:15 - 13:15

Organiser: Institute of Development Studies, Sonke Gender Justice and the Global MenEngage Alliance

Some dozen years after UNAIDS declared that “men make a difference”, work with men and boys in HIV has seen many advances and challenges: Time to take stock and ask some hard questions for future directions. This satellite will present up-to-date evidence, emerging research and innovative action on engaging men and boys in prevention and care.

Drivers - Gender, Masculinities


Gender-Based Violence and HIV/AIDS: Taking Stock of Evidence and Setting an Implementation Research Agenda

SUSA30 

Venue: Mini Room 5

Time: 22.07.2012, 11:15 - 13:15

Organiser: WHO, USAID, PEPFAR, UN Women, UNFPA, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, PAHO, UNDP, and UNAIDS

Responding to the growing evidence and the international mandates, this satellite will bring together the latest evidence on links between gender-based violence and HIV, effective interventions as well as experiences in translating evidence into programming.

Drivers - Gender Violence


No "Getting to Zero" Without Scale-Up of Stigma Reduction

SUSA42

Venue: Session Room 8

Time: 22.07.2012, 13:30 - 15:30           

Organiser: National Institute of Mental Health at NIH, Health Policy Project (HPP), IAS, RTI International, Stigma Action Network, and UNAIDS

HIV-related stigma and discrimination are widely recognized as key barriers to the use of HIV care, support, and treatment programs, thereby fueling the spread of HIV. The scale-up of interventions to reduce stigma and discrimination is urgently needed to: improve access and retention in prevention, care and treatment programs; improve the lives of people living with and affected by HIV; uphold human rights; and maximize investments in prevention, care and treatment programs.

Drivers - Stigma

 

Women Need Focus: Global Efforts for a Next Generation Response to the Intersecting Risks of Substance Abuse, Sexual Behavior and Gender-Based Violence

SUSA54

Venue: GV Session Room 2

Time: 22.07.2012, 13:30 - 15:30

Organiser: Wendee M. Wechsberg

This satellite session will interactively examine the structural and cultural barriers and opportunities for effective interventions, including those related to gender equity and access to HIV prevention, treatment, and other services, for at-risk women and their partners.

Drivers - Gender, Violence

 

Developing Policy and Programs to Address Alcohol Use as Part of a National HIV Prevention Strategy

SUSA69 

Venue: Mini Room 6

Time: 22.07.2012, 15:45 - 17:45

Organiser: SAMHSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, and Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

Alcohol consumption is linked to increased risk sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, non-adherence to antiretroviral treatment as part of HIV/AIDS care and treatment, as well as gender-based violence. This satellite session will present the Zimbabwean experience in developing a national alcohol policy, the implementation of alcohol use interventions in Namibia and the context of alcohol use in Latin America as part of a South-South dialogue.

Drivers - Alcohol

 

Monday 23 July

Bridging the Gap: Empowering 600 Million Adolescent Girls to Lead an AIDS-Free Generation

MOSA12                

Venue: Mini Room 10

Time: 23.07.2012, 07:00 - 08:30

Organiser: American Jewish World Service and Firelight Foundation

Why we must invest in girls and how to develop effective girl-centred programming, based on outcomes from successful models. Leaders of grassroots programs in Kenya and Malawi will offer insight and empirical evidence on the efficacy of comprehensive and integrated HIV programs that include broader sexual and reproductive health resources, as well as holistic empowerment programming such as financial literacy and self-esteem building interventions.

Populations - Adolescents


A Labour Rights Approach to HIV and Sex Work: Working with Sex Workers to Protect Human Rights, Prevent and Eliminate Violence and Sexual Harassment and Promote Equal Access to Social Protection Schemes

MOGS01

Venue: GV Session Room 2

Time: 23.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

Options for building and maintaining successful partnerships with sex workers and their organizations so that they can collectively develop innovative rights-based approaches to improve sex workers’ access to HIV prevention, care, treatment and support services.

Populations - FSW

 

Respect, Protect, Fulfil: Guidance on Community Engagement for Men Who Have Sex with Men and HIV-related Research in Rights Constrained Settings

MOWS02

Venue: Mini Room 2

Time: 23.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

This workshop will build skills of researchers and community representatives on conducting research with men who have sex with men (MSM), to increase the benefits of such research and minimize the potential harm. Facilitators will distribute copies of a guidance document, developed by amfAR, the Foundation for AIDS Research, International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, Johns Hopkins University, and the United Nations Development Programme through a global participatory process with researchers and community representatives.

Populations - MSM

 

Criminalizing Condoms and Sex Work

MOPDD02 Oral Poster Discussion Session

Venue: Mini Room 5

Time: 23.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

  • Are we listening? What sex workers know about prostitution policy and risk of HIV
  • Condoms as evidence: police, sex workers and condom confiscation in Zimbabwe
  • The impact of laws criminalizing commercial sex clients and third parties on the health and safety of sex workers based on the street and in drug venues: a Canadian case study
  • Criminalizing condoms: how policing practices put sex workers and HIV services at risk
  • Alarming rates of occupational violence and associated HIV risks among young female sex workers in post-conflict northern Uganda
  • The legal framework of sex work and its interface with HIV: barriers for a sustainable response to HIV programming in Bangladesh

Drivers - Criminalisation

 

Investing in Treatment: Now and Later

MOAE02 Oral Abstract Session   

Venue: Session Room 8

Time: 23.07.2012, 14:30 - 16:00

Co-Chairs: Howard Friedman, Charlotte Watts

  • Cost and efficiency analysis of the Avahan HIV prevention programme for high risk groups in India (S. Chandrashekar, LSHTM)
  • Is treatment as prevention the new game-changer? Costs and effectiveness
  • Company-level ART provision to employees is cost saving: a modelled cost-benefit analysis of the impact of HIV and antiretroviral treatment in a mining workforce in South Africa ( P. Vickerman, LSHTM)
  • Increasing investment in syringe exchange is cost-saving HIV prevention: modeling hypothetical syringe coverage levels in the United States
  • Transition from stavudine to tenofovir and zidovudine for first-line treatment of HIV/AIDS in low- and middle-income countries

Methods – Investment Frameworks

 

Turning the Tide Against Violence

MOSY05

Venue: Session Room 4

Time: 23.07.2012, 14:30 - 16:00

Studies throughout the world have found an association between gender-based violence, HIV risk behaviour, and HIV serostatus. Data have unveiled the underlying structural violence that prevails. Police abuse has played a dominant role as a determinant of HIV risk among youth, women, men and transgender populations. Police perpetuate the cycles of violence and marginalization that facilitate the transmission of HIV. This session intends to address and give recommendations on the way forward.

Drivers - Gender, Violence

 

Ending Criminalization: Legal and Advocacy Strategies to Address and Repeal Discriminatory Laws

MOSY07

Venue: GV Session Room 1

Time: 23.07.2012, 14:30 - 16:00

Across the globe, existing and proposed criminal laws against homosexuality, sex work, drug use and transmission of HIV continue to hinder progress in halting and reversing the pandemic. This panel will provide a global overview of trends in criminalization and highlight concrete examples of how have used legal and advocacy strategies to challenge discriminatory laws. Speakers, including judges, lawyers, activists and service providers from Jamaica, the United States, Egypt and southern Africa, will highlight current and past landmark challenges to discriminatory laws.

Drivers - Criminalisation


Is Detention Prevention? No!: HIV, Policing and the Harms of 'Rehabilitative' Detention for Youth in the Sex Trade

MOGS06

Venue: Youth Pavillion

Time: 23.07.2012, 15:00 - 16:00

Panelists will speak to the harmful international trend toward policing young people who trade sex. Panelists will discuss recent research and the life experience of communities that show involuntary ‘rehabilitative’ detention carries the risk of rape, harassment and even deportation, in addition to severely limiting access to HIV treatment and prevention. Moreover, such custody fails to address root motivations for entry into sex work such as a lack of wage alternatives, short- or long-term shelter, and the structural oppression of young women, youth of colour, indigenous youth and LGBTI and gender non-conforming youth.

Populations – Adolescents, FSW

 

Reversing the Tide - India’s Response

MOSA30

Venue: Mini Room 10

Time: 23.07.2012, 18:30 - 20:30

Organiser: National AIDS Control Organization, Department of AIDS Control, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India.

The session will discuss the successes and lessons learnt from implementing India’s National AIDS Control Programme (NACP phase III).

Methods – Evaluating Interventions

Poster Exhibition Area

KHPT:

Pathways analysis for evaluating risk, vulnerability and service utilisation through structural intervention among female sex workers: a methodological exploration from south India

Ravi Prakash1, Andrea Blanchard2, Mohan HL1, Shajy Isac1, Parinita Bhattacharjee1, BM Ramesh1, Stephen Moses2, James Blanchard2

ICRW:

Catalyzing community responses through participatory research to protect adolescent girls from HIV: Findings from Tanzania

Jennifer McCleary‑Sills

LSHTM (SaME):

Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV services for youth in rural Malawi: what is available and what is valued?

Christine Michaels

Using mathematical modelling to improve our understanding of the HIV prevalence among the “hidden” population of men who have sex with men (MSM) in southern India: Implications for HIV programming.

Holly Prudden

Do men who have sex with men (MSM) in southern India change their identity or sexual role behaviour over time? Implications for the HIV epidemic.

Holly Prudden

Stigma as a barrier to the elimination of vertical HIV transmission: model projections from an urban Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) programme in South Africa

Holly Prudden

Is the HCV-HIV co-infection prevalence amongst injecting drug users a marker for the level of sexual and injection related HIV transmission?

Peter Vickerman

How does integration impact the costs and efficiency of delivering HIV Services?

CarolDayo Obure

 

Tuesday 24 July

Criminalizing Sex Work

TUAD01

Venue: Session Room 9

Time: 24.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

  • Reducing conflicts between public security policy and HIV response: a research of the impact of prostitution elimination policy on female sex workers
  • Tightening the laws on prostitution in France: what impact on prevention?
  • Criminalization of condoms in the United States: why sex workers and HIV services are at risk
  • Model of human rights protection of sex workers exposed to forced HIV/STI testing through combination of court litigation and psycho-social support

Drivers – Criminalisation

Populations - FSW


Is Money Alone Enough: The 'Value' of Cash Transfers

TUPDE01

Venue:   Session Room 6

Time:     24.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

  • Conditional cash transfers improve birth registration and school attendance amongst orphans and vulnerable children in Manicaland, Zimbabwe
  • Value for money of structural interventions: going beyond HIV-only cost-effectiveness analysis (A. Vassall1, C. Watts LSHTM)
  • Community-led cash transfers in Zimbabwe: pathways for buy-in and improved child health and development
  • Social capital and AIDS competent communities: evidence from eastern Zimbabwe

Livelihoods – Cash Transfers


Stigma: Everything you wanted to know but were afraid to ask. A conversation with the Stigma Action Network

Venue:    Positive Action Networking Zone, Global Village, Booth 810

Time:     24.07.2012, 16:00 - 17:00

An interactive session to discuss cross-sectoral and intersecting stigmas, evidence on HIV-related stigma and the Stigma Index and emerging best practices in stigma reduction.

Drivers – Stigma


Myth To Leadership: Heterosexual Black Men and the HIV Epidemic

TUGS12

Venue: GV Session Room 1

Time: 24.07.2012, 18:30 - 19:30

The objectives of this session are to discuss the social factors (such as education and employment disparities, and incarceration) affecting men of colour and barriers that prevent heterosexual men from early diagnosis, increased testing, and condom use.

Populations – Heterosexual men

 

Strengthening Capacity for Evaluation and Programming to Address Gender and HIV/AIDS in International Settings

TUSA25

Venue: Mini Room 8

Time: 24.07.2012, 18:30 - 20:30

Organiser:            PATH

Evidence from around the world has established the connection between the risk of HIV infection and underlying social norms that support inequitable gender roles, attitudes, and gender-based violence. Through this satellite session, PATH as well as IRC, CARE, EngenderHealth, ICRW, and Population Council will share lessons learned from our work strengthening the capacity of communities, local nongovernmental organizations, and governments to implement and evaluate programs that improve gender equity and reduce HIV risk.

Drivers – Gender

Methods – Evaluating Interventions

 

Poster Exhibition Area

KHPT:

Need for specialized intervention program among non-paying intimate partners of female sex workers in India

Mahesh Doddamane , Raghavendra T, Gautam Sudhakar, Ravi Prakash, Shajy Isaac, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Stephen Moses


LSHTM (SaME):

Model projections of the population-level impact, on HIV and herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2), and cost-effectiveness of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide

Fern Terris-Prestholt

 

Wednesday 25 July

Youth and HIV: Risks and Interventions in the 21st Century

WEAC01

Venue: Session Room 3

Time: 25.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

  • Lost in transition: prevalence and correlates of HIV infection among young men and women surviving abduction and displacement in post-conflict northern Uganda
  • Transactional sex in South African youth predicted by primary caregiver HIV/AIDS and extreme socio-economic vulnerability: multisite studies
  • The next generation: perinatally infected adolescents and their reproductive health
  • Soap opera video episodes streamed to smartphones in a randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV sex risk in young urban African American/black women
  • Education and HIV/AIDS in western Kenya: results from a randomized trial assessing the long-term biological and behavioural impact of two school-based interventions

Populations - Adolescents

 

Positive Women: Reducing Vulnerability and Reinforcing Empowerment Opportunities

WEAD01

Venue: Session Room 2

Time: 25.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

  • A longitudinal in-depth study of gender-specific experiences in antiretroviral treatment patients in South Africa
  • Critical consciousness, perceived racial discrimination and perceived gender discrimination in relation to demographics and HIV status in African American women
  • Gender disparities and inequitable gender norms: implications for HIV prevention programming in Zambia
  • Abuse and mortality in women with and at risk for HIV
  • Response to conditional cash transfers: prevention of HIV infection in wives in Pakistan
  • HIV risk behaviour among victims and perpetrators of male-on-male sexual violence in South Africa: results from a population-based survey

Gender - Norms

 

International Perspectives and Experiences in Sport-Based HIV Prevention for Young People

WEGS05

Venue: Youth Pavillion

Time: 25.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

Co-Chairs: Tyler Spencer, United States, Zachary A. Kaufman, United Kingdom

Sport-based approaches to HIV prevention have shown promise in improving knowledge and changing behaviours related to HIV. This panel will provide an opportunity to review the latest evidence, lessons learned and avenues for future research and practice in the emerging field of sport-based HIV prevention for young people. Participants will learn about innovative ways in which sports have been used in HIV prevention strategies around the world and better understand the successes and challenges faced by practitioners and researchers in the field of sport-based HIV prevention for young people.

Populations: Adolescents

 

Combination HIV Prevention Interventions: Can They Work?

WEPDC02

Venue: Mini Room 7

Time: 25.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

  • Efficacy of a randomized intervention trial promoting female condom use among female South African tertiary students
  • Evaluation of a behaviour change communication programme to reduce concurrent sexual partnerships in Botswana
  • Changes in HIV testing and condom use in Malawi: longitudinal findings at midterm from the Malawi BRIDGE II Project
  • Integration of HIV prevention with health and nutrition program involving self help group women in Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Effectiveness of behavioral interventions on unprotected sex among people living with HIV: a system review and meta-analysis
  • A complex systems approach to evaluate HIV prevention in metropolitan areas: preliminary implications for combination intervention strategies

Methods: Evaluating Interventions


Poverty Reduction and Risk among Key Populations

WEPDD03 

Venue: Mini Room 10

Time: 25.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

  • Reducing children's vulnerability in a regions with HIV prevalence with an integrated livelihoods, protection and psychosocial support (PSS) package
  • Disability grant terminations and virologic and immunologic response to ARV treatment
  • Street-based adolescents: actual emphasis on HIV prevention
  • Community-level income inequality and HIV prevalence in injecting drug users in Thai Nguyen, Viet Nam
  • Does the 'inverse equity hypothesis' explain how both poverty and wealth can be associated with HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa? (J. Hargreaves LSHTM)
  • 'There is hunger in my community': food security as a cyclically driving force in sex work in Swaziland

Drivers: Livelihoods


Stigma: Breaking the Silences - Dealing with Stigma and Exclusion for PLHIV and HIV/AIDS Affected Populations

WEAD05 

Venue: Session Room 1

Time: 25.07.2012, 16:30 - 18:00

  • Success! Interventions that work to reduce HIV stigma and discrimination in communities: results of an evaluation study in Thailand
  • Racism, sexism, HIV-related stigma and quality of life among HIV-positive black African Caribbean women in Ontario, Canada
  • Stigma and serostatus disclosure within partnerships in four African countries: a mixed methods approach
  • Internal stigma among HIV-positive adults in Ethiopia
  • Feasibility, acceptability and initial efficacy of the 'Unity workshop': an internalized stigma reduction intervention for African American women living with HIV

Drivers - Stigma

 

Poster Exhibition Area

LSHTM (SaME)

Could HSV-2 suppressive therapy using valacyclovir be a cost-effective strategy for reducing HIV disease progression and transmission among HIV-1 infected women in South Africa?

Peter Vickerman

 

Evidence for the effectiveness of opiate substitution treatment in relation to HIV transmission in people who inject drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Peter Vickerman

 

Key event: AIDSTAR-One USAID panel with STRIVE 26 July

Pushing Forward with Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention – Where Are We Now and How Do We Move Forward

THSA18

Venue: Mini Room 3

Time: 26.07.2012, 18:30 - 20:30

Organiser: JSI AIDSTAR-One and USAID

In recent years, enabling environments and structural interventions have been highlighted by PEPFAR, UNAIDS, DFID and other international organizations, most recently as a core component of combination prevention. The satellite will leverage expert authors and key stakeholders, providing a venue for the discussion of pivotal issues.

Methods – Investment Frameworks

 

Thursday, 26 July 2012

From Evidence to Programming: Gender and Gender Based Violence in the HIV and AIDS Response

THSA02

Venue: Mini Room 1

Time: 26.07.2012, 07:00 - 08:30

Organiser: Futures Group and PCI

The session will discuss evidence on addressing gender-based violence (GBV) in HIV programming, and review how the evidence is being put into practice through guidelines and programs. It will focus on current challenges, including taking gender interventions to scale, and measuring program impact.

Gender – Violence

KIA – Policy

 

Africa's LGBT Movement: Addressing the HIV Epidemic Through Locally Defined Combined Structural Interventions to Alter the Social, Political, Economic Factors Driving the Epidemic

THSA07

Venue: Mini Room 10

Time: 26.07.2012, 07:00 - 08:30

Organiser: AMSHeR (African Men for Sexual Health and Rights)

Agenda: First topic: State of overall structural activity addressing MSM/LGBT issues in Africa. Second topic: Current status of donor support of LGBT in Africa. Third topic: Effective local approaches in the African LGBT context. Fourth topic: African LGBT civil society and its future role in promoting policy and programming change: what can be potentially be done, what are the necessary changes needed to further develop and sustain that?

Populations - MSM

 

Bad Manners at the Bedside: Stigma and Discrimination in Health Care Settings

THAD01 Oral Abstract Session

Venue: Session Room 3

Time: 26.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

Chairs: Jessie Mbwambo, Tanzania, Venkatesan Chakrapani, India

  • Treating the Nation: the positive impact of antiretroviral drugs on the clinical practice, coping strategies and workplace morale of health care workers in Kabarole District, Uganda
  • An intervention to reduce HIV stigma in health care settings in China
  • The debates over Mexico City's HIV/AIDS clinic: socio-political implications for HIV prevention, treatment and comprehensive health care for transgender sex workers
  • Reducing stigma among Indian nursing students: a brief intervention involving local PLHIV networks
  • Gender differences in HIV-related stigma among doctors in Egypt
  • Health worker perceptions on the impact of HIV-related stigma and discrimination on health service delivery in Kenya

Drivers - Stigma

 

Community Participation in Policy Dialogue

THAD04

Venue: Mini Room 9

Time: 26.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

  • Participation of women with HIV in the national response to the HIV and AIDS VI in the departments of Chinandega, Managua, Masaya, Rivas, Leon and South Atlantic Autonomous Region (SAAA)
  • Effective representation of PLHIV in decision making processes still an uphill journey in Malawi; why?
  • Mainstreaming gender into the national Global Fund strategy in China: a case study from a grassroots women's NGO network
  • Community-based actions and services achieve results
  • Influencing the political arena: case studies of women living with HIV's meaningful participation in shaping HIV decision-making, policies and programs in Rwanda

Drivers – Community Mobilisation

KIA – Policy

 

Global MSM: Epidemiology and Trends

THPDC01

Venue: Mini Room 7

Time: 26.07.2012, 13:00 - 14:00

  • Sexual mixing patterns between men who have sex with men in southern India: implications for modelling the HIV epidemic and predicting the impact of targeted oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (K.M. Mitchell LSHTM)
  • Modeling of HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China
  • Faster and integral HIV diagnosis among MSM in the HIV/AIDS program of Mexico City (HIVPMC): necessary but not sufficient
  • The MSM population in a conservative environment: Egypt
  • Switzerland has developed a new strategy to break the chains of new HIV infections among gay men and other MSM

Populations - MSM

 

Eliminating HIV Infections by Targeting Inequities: Addressing Social Determinants of HIV Disparities

THBS02

Venue: Session Room 6

Time: 26.07.2012, 14:30 - 16:00

Social determinants of health contribute to the unfair and avoidable differences in health status seen within and between countries. While the importance of social factors is recognized, social scientists and public health practitioners note that tracing and measuring the causal impact of 'upstream' social determinants, (e.g. poverty, gender discrimination, and violence) on HIV is not straightforward. Without unequivocal evidence of their HIV impact, investing resources in structural interventions to tackle major social issues of equity, citizenship, and justice remains contentious. This session brings together scientific, policy, and community perspectives on the opportunities and challenges of addressing social determinants of health to achieve HIV outcomes.

Drivers - Livelihoods

 

Measuring HIV Stigma and Discrimination Among Three Target Populations: Best Practices for People Living with HIV, the General Population and Health Care Workers

THWS13

Venue: Mini Room 8

Time: 26.07.2012, 14:30 - 18:00

Measuring stigma and discrimination in a standardized way enables national governments, programme managers and researchers to 'know their context', develop appropriate stigma-reduction interventions and redress systems and advocate for more attention and funding globally. Through a series of presentations and participatory exercises, this workshop, organized by the Stigma Action Network, will share current best practices and tools for measuring stigma and discrimination among PLHIV, the general population and in health care settings.

Drivers – Stigma

 

Out in the World: Global MSM HIV Epidemics

THAC03

Venue: Session Room 3

Time: 26.07.2012, 16:30 - 18:00

Structural determinants in MSM HIV prevention: environmental and structural factors predict internalised homonegativity in men who have sex with men (MSM): findings from the European MSM internet survey (EMIS) in 38 countries

  • Men who have sex with men and the HIV epidemic in Morocco: results from a respondent-driven sampling study
  • The recent impact of MSM on the prevalence of HIV-1 infection among young men in Thailand
  • Need for innovative intervention strategies to reduce HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in Andhra Pradesh, India: following a large-scale HIV prevention intervention
  • Concurrent drug use and sexual risk behaviour among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Peru

Populations – MSM


Service Delivery for Women and their Children

THAE01

Venue: Session Room 5

Time: 26.07.2012, 16:30 - 18:00

  • Success in reaching national pediatric uptake targets and similar adult retention rates in pediatric HIV clinics in the rural Southern Rift Valley (SRV) province of Kenya
  • Improved employment and children's education outcomes in households of HIV-positive adults with high CD4 counts: evidence from a community-wide health campaign in Uganda
  • PMTCT decentralization does not assure optimal service delivery: revelations from successful individual-level tracking of HIV-positive mothers and their infants
  • Preventing mother-to-child HIV transmission through community-based approach in Nepal
  • Nothing for us without us: community led approaches towards successful implementation of HIV prevention programs: experiences from southern India (Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society)

Drivers – Gender


Exploring Alcohol Use, Gender-Based Violence and HIV/AIDS

THSA24

Venue: Mini Room 9

Time: 26.07.2012, 18:30 - 20:30

Organiser: SAMHSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, and Center for Substance Abuse Treatment

There are multiple interrelationships among alcohol use with gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS indicating the need for a comprehensive HIV prevention strategy comprising alcohol policy and violence prevention programming, complemented by health education and care programs to reduce hazardous alcohol consumption, and alcohol screening and treatment programs for alcohol use disorders integrated with HIV/AIDS care. This satellite session will discuss the linkages among alcohol use, violence against women and the complex challenge of preventing and reducing HIV.

Drivers – Alcohol, Gender

 

Poster Exhibition Area

KHPT:

Models of community mobilization among female sex workers within an empowerment framework: experiences from Karnataka, south India

Mallika Tharakan, Ramachandra Rao, Mohan HL, Parameshwara Holla, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Stephen Moses

 

Community mobilization and empowerment in relation to social transformation and HIV prevention among female sex workers In south India

Mohan HL, Shajy Isac, Andria Blanchard, Ramachandra Rao, Mallika Tharakan, Stephen Moses.

 

Exposure to community mobilisation is associated with increased power, increased service use, increased condom use, and lower HIV and STI prevalence among female sex workers in Bellary district, south India.

Tara Beattie, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sudha Chandrashekar, H L Mohan, M Suresh, Dhanunjaya Rao, Shajy Isac, Lori Heise, BM Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Charlotte Watts

 

ICRW:

Understanding and Addressing Alcohol related HIV Risk Behaviors in Katutura, Namibia

Katherine Fritz

 

LSHTM:

Moving beyond single issue priority setting: associations between gender inequality and violence and both HIV infection and poor maternal health in Malawi

Heidi Stöckl

 

Exposure to community mobilisation is associated with increased power, increased service use, increased condom use, and lower HIV and STI prevalence among female sex workers in Bellary district, south India

Tara Beattie

 

Friday 27 July

Getting to Zero Excuses: Understanding and Addressing HIV-Related Stigma and Discrimination

FRSY02

Venue: Session Room 2

Time: 27.07.2012, 11:00 - 12:30

HIV stigma and discrimination are consistently recognized as critical barriers to uptake of treatment, disclosure of status, timely entry into care and adherence. Yet investments in community level stigma and discrimination reduction efforts remain small in comparison to the stated need. This session will look at critical areas that may be hindering, or working to facilitate, a more concerted response to stigma and discrimination, and thereby influencing the successful roll out of treatment as prevention and the elimination of vertical transmission of HIV.

Drivers - Stigma